Rod end bearings / Spherical bearings 3 Piece Rod End Bearing
3 Piece Rod End Bearing
The load ratings of Rodend bearing shall be determined by the strength of body, because of it is a critical component compared to the inserted Spherical bearing.
Definition of Load
Static Limit Load
Static limit load is the load, which does not disturb the Rod End performance. It is calculated with the yield strength.
Static Ultimate Load
Static ultimate load is the radial tensile static load, which can be applied without distracting Rod Ends.
Axial Proof Load
This is the load, which does not push out spherical bearing when applied statically from axial direction.
Fatigue Load
The load which is bearable for 50,000 cycles with 100~10 % of continuous tensile load.
Calculation of load capacity
When static load is applied, most Rod Ends fail at point A (Figure 10). Under ordinary situations, shank has more strength than point A, however, both the strength at A (B.S.A) and at shank (S.S.A) shall be discussed.

Figure 10: 3 Piece Rod End

Figure 11: B.S.A.
Rod End body head minimum cross section
Cross section at Point A in Figure 10 is calculated as follows;
Or approximately: B.S.A. = (D  BB) × H (Figure 12)
Shank cross section
Male Rod End S.S.A. :
Female Rod End S.S.A. :
Allowable stress
Minebea uses the allowable stress values given in the table. The allowable values are based on the actual test results. Minebea use figures in Table 10, which are the results of several examinations.
Table 10: The allowable Stress of Common Materials
Body Material  Ultimate Static Load  Static Limit Load  Fatigue Load 

4340 3942HRC 
1171N/mm^{2}
{ 119.5kgf/mm^{2} } 
937N/mm^{2}
{ 95.6kgf/mm^{2} } 
372N/mm^{2}
{ 38.0kgf/mm^{2} } 
4130 3642HRC 
1068N/mm^{2}
{ 109.0kgf/mm^{2} } 
855N/mm^{2}
{ 87.2kgf/mm^{2} } 
309N/mm^{2}
{ 31.6kgf/mm^{2} } 
SUS630(174PH) 3642HRC 
1068N/mm^{2}
{ 109.0kgf/mm^{2} } 
855N/mm^{2}
{ 87.2kgf/mm^{2} } 
345N/mm^{2}
{ 35.2kgf/mm^{2} } 
SCM435H 3540HRC 
1034N/mm^{2}
{ 105.5kgf/mm^{2} } 
827N/mm^{2}
{ 84.4kgf/mm^{2} } 
172N/mm^{2}
※ { 17.6kgf/mm^{2} } 
* Fatigue strength could be improved up to 275N/mm^{2} {28.1kgf/mm^{2}} by applying extra surface finishing between the head and the shank. They are considered as special items.
Rod End body fatigue failure
In the same way as distraction occurs under static load, fatigue failure is seen at point A (Figure 10). Depending on the bearing design, however, it may happen at shank or in tangential area between head and shank. Machining ridges and scratches could cause hightension stress, by which fatigue is remarkably influenced. They can cause cracks and eventually develop to fatigue stress. When fatigue strength is discussed, the bearable cycle calculation may be necessary under a given load. In addition, fatigue is easily influenced by stress wave, stress concentration, and environmental condition. Please consult with our Sales to estimate the fatigue life, as it is a very complex matter without reliable testing results.
3 Piece Rod End axial load capacity
The staking strength determines the axial load capacity of 3 Piece Rod End. The axial proof load of Vstaked Rod End can be estimated from Table 11. The actual load which pushes the spherical out of the body is at least 1.5 times higher than axial proof load. When oscillation or shock applies, it may, however, start pushing the spherical out even with lower load than axial proof load. Therefore when dynamic load applies, 1/3 of axial proof load is the recommended maximum load. Axial proof load of body staked Rod Ends is equivalent to Vgroove types.
Table 11 : Axial Proof Load
VGroove  (mm) 
(mm) 
(mm) 
Axial Proof Load (N) { kgf }  

Steel Race (30 ～ 35HRC)  AlBz Race  
A  1  0.7  0.5  298 × D { 30.4 × D }  193 × D { 19.7 × D } 
B  1.4  1  0.7  367 × D { 37.5 × D }  239 × D { 24.4 × D } 
C  2  1.5  0.7  411 × D { 42 × D }  267 × D { 27.3 × D } 
D = spherical bearing outer diameter (mm)